The city of Brandenburg an der Havel is definitely one of the most beautiful cities in Brandenburg. The over 1,050-year-old town is regarded as the cradle of the Mark Brandenburg – the city’s oldest mention dates back to 948 in the charta of the bishopric Brandenburg.
Anyone exploring Brandenburg an der Havel will be amazed by a city of a thousand faces. Brandenburg an der Havel, after which the whole state has been named, can be explored in many ways. Whether on a tour through the city’s three old mediaeval town centers or on a boat trip, each tour will lead the visitors to some of the most important memorials of the city’s 1,000-year history.
Numerous sights such as the famous cathedral of St. Peter and Paul, the churches of St. Catharine, St. Gotthardt and St. Nikolai, the old town hall and the statue of Roland or the 4 gate towers with the preserved remnants of the old city wall, they all define the fascinating cityscape. Along with lovingly restored town houses, narrow streets and lanes in the town centre, sweeping gardens and intertwining creeks and wide lakes, they create the particular flair of Brandenburg an der Havel.
Brandenburg an der Havel is the largest city in the state of Brandenburg by area, covering 228,8 sq km and framed by nearly 6,500 ha woodland and 4,000 ha of water. Brandenburg an der Havel has a population of 71,534 (according to the Federal Statistical Office 2011). At the best of its times, in 1988, Brandburg eventually reached a population of almost 95,000. But the post-Wende years did not leave Brandenburg an der Havel unaffected, almost the entire heavy industry had to comply to market economy.
Today, the biggest employers are the electric steel plant, which is part of the RIVA group, the ZF Friedrichshafen, the Heidelberger Druckmaschinen AG, with plants in Brandenburg, the Voestalpine BWG and the Rail.one GmbH in Kirchmöser. Bosch Solar CiSTech, dealing with renewable energy rechnology, located to the area, and E-on and the municipal energy supplier – the largest companies in the city – have also started to invest a great deal in renewable energies.
How to get here
Brandenburg an der Havel can be easily reached by train, from Berlin in just about 50 minutes. It is also conveniently located for traffic with immediate access to the motorway A2 and both, the highway 1 and 102, running through the city.
Churches & Cathedrals
Cathedral of St. Peter and Paul, St.Pauli Abbey, Churches of St. Gotthardt, St. Catharine and St. Nikolai, St. Peter’s Chapel, St. Jacob’s Chapel, and the Jakobskapelle and the catholic parish church
Museum of industry, City Museum, archaeological state museum in St. Pauli Abbey, Dommuseum, Museum of psychatry in the Landesklinik Görden, Brandenburg memorial at the Zuchthaus Görden, Tramway museum
Slavic village, Friedenswarte, old city wall and gate towers, Bollmannfountain and the old town holl with the statue of Roland
History of the city of Brandenburg
- A.D. Slavs (Hevelli) inhabited the terrains after the Teutons left in the Migration period
- Winter 928/929 King Henry I. conquered “Die Brandenburg”, the residence of the prince of the Hevelli on the later Dominsel
- 948 Endowment of the bishopric Brandenburg, building of on of the first churches
- 983 Uprising of the Slavs against the Chrisitans, destruction of the cathedral
- 1157 Investiture of Albrecht der Bär with the Mark Brandenburg, beginning of the actual history of the Mark Brandenburg
- 1165 Building of the new Brandenburg cathedral, after the Prämonstratenser were elated to Domkapital and relocated to the old cathedral area on the Burginsel
- 1170 Oldest mention of the old town – St. Gotthard’s church
- 1196 Oldest mention of the old town – St. Catharine’s church
- 1474 The still existing statue of Roland, symbol of municipal rights and freedoms, is raised on Neustädtischer Markt (today in front of the old town hall)
- 18th century King Friedrich Wilhelm I. and his son Friedrich II. often pay a visit to the city. Brandenburg is a huge garrison town
- 1848/49 Revolution in Brandenburg, Otto von Bismarck ran against Brandenburg’s mayor Franz Ziegler in the state parliament elections
- after 1870 Through industrialisation the city population boomed: Formation of the Brennabor plants of the Reichstein brothers, the toy factory of Ernst Paul Lehmann as well as the steel plant and ship building
- after 1918 After WW I in the Weimar Republic the city is undergoing a difficult economic period
- 1933-1945 Development of defence industry and scene of horrible Nazi-crimes against thousands of victims
- 1949-1989 In the GDR, Brandenburg becomes an industrial city with more than 90,000 citizens. Steel production plays a huge role.
- after 1990 Emigration into the surroundings. Closure of steel production. High unemployment after the Wende.
- after 2000 The new city blooms, development of new business especially in tourism. Brandenburg becomes city of water.
- 2004 New development of the Neustadt Markt and restoration of the Hauptstraße in to a modern shopping high street.
- 2005 World Rowing Championships in Brandenburg. The city benfits from the international interest.
- 2009 European Canoe Championships
- 2015 Brandenburg is official host of the German Federal Garden show